A root canal treatment is one of the most intensive surgical treatments carried out in the world of dentistry. Also sometimes referred to as endodontic treatment, it is carried out when the pulp of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. The pulp is a soft tissue that lies between the dentin and the white enamel. It consists of connective tissue, nerves and blood vessels, and performs the important function of developing the root of the tooth. The inflammation or infection of the pulp can be caused by deep tooth decay, gum diseases, multiple dental procedures carried out on a single tooth, a root fracture or even traumatic damages such as chipping or cracking of the tooth.
When any of the conditions mentioned above taken place, it causes pressure and swelling inside the tooth which causes serious tooth pain and irreversible damage to pulp. After the pulp gradually dwindles away, the pain main get reduced initially, returning only occasionally as acutely painful infection which spreads eventually into periapical tissues and the bone. If left untreated, this can even lead to a longstanding or chronic infection whose symptoms may range from mild or moderate to severe. In such cases, a root canal procedure becomes necessary to protect or save the tooth. A professional endodontist can carry out a root canal procedure and make sure that the affected tooth and the gums in the surrounding areas are protected from further damage.
Root Canal Procedure
Here are some of the steps followed in a root canal treatment Ahmedabad clinic for carrying out this procedure.
- At first, X-Rays are carried out to determine the extent of the damage and then a treatment plan is made. Local anesthesia is performed with injections to numb the infected or inflamed areas.
- A dental dam made of vinyl or rubber will be placed just over the affected as well as the adjacent teeth. This makes the tooth undergoing treatment protrude through the hole in the dam and isolates it from other parts of the mouth. It allows the specialist to carry out root canal treatment in a clean and sterile environment that is free from possibility of contamination by bacteria present in saliva.
- A hole is made behind the front tooth or on the affected back tooth to gain access to the pulp area.
- The dead and diseased pulp tissue is surgically removed with the help of specially designed instruments. No pain is felt during this stage as the area is numb.
- Antibacterial and antiseptic solutions are used for disinfecting the canals.
- Tiny flexible instruments are then used for shaping the canals so that they can receive the root canal sealers and fillings. Prior to sealing of the canals, they are washed and cleaned thoroughly for removing root canal debris.
- Root canal fillings using materials like gutta percha is used for filling the canal space. The canals are then sealed properly so as to prevent any bacterial infections.
- The hole made on the surface of the teeth is closed with a filling material. Finally, the tooth is sealed with a crown or a filling for replacing the lost tooth structure.